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Choose a Guinea Pig Cage Best for your Small Pet

Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff
Guinea Pigs: Breeds and Colors 
Nutrition Requirements for Small Pets by Species 
Choose a Guinea Pig Cage Best for your Small Pet 
How to Choose a Proper Guinea Pig Cage

What Makes a Good Guinea Pig Cage?
Many guinea pig owners don't realize how important housing can be. Because a guinea pig will spend a good deal of her life in her cage, it is imperative that the cage is big enough and outfitted with the proper accessories and supplies.

What should I look for in a cage?
It's important when choosing the right cage for your cavy that you make sure the cage provides enough room for her to play and exercise. The minimum cage sizes are:

Guinea Pig Cage One guinea pig: 7-1/2 square feet, or 30" x 36"
Up to four guinea pigs: 13 square feet, or 30" x 76"

Other cage features you should look for include:

  • Safe, escape proof, materials
    The safest cages are made from plastic, wire, stainless steel, or a combination of these materials. Wood cages are easily chewed through and glass cages don't provide enough ventilation.
  • No wire mesh flooring
    Housing your guinea pig on a wire floor will hurt her sensitive feet and can cause a condition called bumblefoot, so if your cage has a wire floor, which many do, be sure to cover it with a cage mat.
  • Latching door or lid
    This will keep your guinea pig in and other animals out.
  • Spacious enough to provide ramps and activity areas
    Though guinea pigs aren't agile and don't climb very well, they do need places to play and explore.

What should I put in the cage?
What you put in the cage is just as important as what size the cage is. A large cage without the necessary accessories is going to be boring for your guinea pig, and it will eventually have a negative effect on her physical and mental state.

The following items should be in your guinea pig's cage: Twigloo

Be sure that whatever you put in the cage doesn't interfere with the space he needs to run around and exercise.

Where should I put the cage?
The cage should be in a relatively quiet area without a lot of commotion. It should be out of direct sunlight, and the temperature of the room should stay between 65° and 75°F. Temperatures below 50° and over 80° can be dangerous, so you absolutely must place your guinea pig's cage indoors where temperatures are regulated. Be sure to put it in a well ventilated area.

Once you have the perfect cage and setup, be sure to clean the cage daily to keep your guinea pig happy, healthy, and safe.

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