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Chilean Rose Tarantula Habitats, How to Create

Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff
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The Chilean Rose Tarantula is calm, docile, and relatively easy to care for. It is a great starter species, but it still has habitat requirements that must be met to ensure its overall health and wellbeing. The following information will help you to create a healthy, hospitable home for your Chilean Rose Tarantula.

Some tarantula species are arboreal, while others, such as the Chilean Rose Tarantula, are a terrestrial species. This means that they need a long, low cage rather than a tall one. A tall cage can actually be dangerous, as tarantulas can easily climb glass, and if your Chilean Rose Tarantula were to fall from the top of the cage, it could rupture its abdomen.

The width of the enclosure should be approximately two to three times its leg span, while the height should be approximately the same length or slightly larger than its leg span. A 5 or 10 gallon terrarium is sufficient. We recommend using a glass terrarium. Make sure the enclosure has a secure lid to prevent escape.

Landscaping, Furniture & Plants
Tarantulas do not need an elaborate setup, and, though you can use them if you choose, plants and decorations are not necessary. For a terrestrial species such as the Chilean Rose Tarantula, a simple setup is better. Fewer decorations will mean more room to move about on the enclosure floor.

You will need to provide at least one hiding spot. For this, you can use driftwood, a hollow log, ceramic flowerpots, commercial hides, or cork bark. Make sure there are no rough edges or surfaces that could injure your tarantula.

For substrate, we recommend the use of peat moss, potting soil, or a mixture of the two. It should be about 2" to 3" deep to allow for burrowing. Make sure it remains moist, but not wet. Avoid the use of sand as substrate.

Keep your Chilean Rose Tarantula's habitat at around 70° to 85° F. You will not need to provide a primary heating source in most homes, as room temperature is usually sufficient. However, you should have one available for when your house is cooler, such as during the winter and at night. In these cases, you can use a small under tank heater or mat or an incandescent black heat bulb. You do not need any secondary heat sources, such as basking lamps. Always monitor temperature with a thermometer to ensure that it stays in the proper range.

Chilean Rose Tarantulas are nocturnal. In their natural habitat, they generally hunt at night and hide or burrow during the day. Therefore, no special lighting is necessary, and natural lighting during the day is enough. If you do want to use a light source at night for better viewing, be sure to use a special black or red incandescent bulb that emits very little visible light so as not to disturb their normal nocturnal behaviors.

Humidity & Water
The humidity in your Chilean Rose Tarantula's habitat should fall between 75% and 80%. Never let it drop below 55%, as this can cause your tarantula to dry out. To maintain humidity for a tarantula with a leg span of 3" or more, place a wide, shallow water dish in the enclosure. If your tarantula is smaller than that, mist the substrate and the sides of the enclosure daily. Use a hygrometer to monitor humidity.

Tarantulas are not messy pets, and you should only have to clean their entire habitat two or three times a year if you are maintaining it correctly. Change their water, clean the water bowl, and use long tweezers to remove any uneaten food daily. When it comes time to clean their entire enclosure, be sure to put your tarantula in a safe, secure location. Then throw away all the substrate, wash the habitat and all accessories with warm soapy water, and let it air dry. Once it's dry, put the accessories and new substrate back in. Do this twice a year, or as needed if you start to smell mildew.

Housing Multiple Chilean Rose Tarantulas
Tarantulas are cannibalistic, and you should never house more than one tarantula in an enclosure. If you want to keep more than one Chilean Rose Tarantula, you will have to have a separate enclosure for each of them.

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