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Vitamin & Mineral Supplements for Horses: Comparison


Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff
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Comparing Vitamin & Mineral Equine Supplements
A horse may need vitamin and mineral supplementation for several different reasons, including when feeding a high-grain diet, or low-quality hay, if a horse is under stress (traveling, showing, racing, etc), prolonged strenuous activity, or not eating well (sick, after surgery, etc.). Severely stressed horses may benefit from the Vitamins B-complex and Vitamin C during periods of high stress.

Minerals are required for maintenance of body structure, fluid balance in cells, nerve conduction, and muscle contraction. Only small amounts of the macro-minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, and sulfur are needed daily. Sweating increases the horses need for sodium, chloride and potassium, which is the reason for supplementing with electrolytes if a horse is sweating a lot.

An important category of vitamins and minerals are antioxidants, which include Vitamins C & E, selenium, zinc, and others. Nature supplies antioxidants to protect us from the destructive effects of environmental free radicals. Free radicals are caused by ultra-violet rays from the sun, x-rays, exposure to pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and more. What's more, free radical damage accumulates with age, so they are especially important for your older horse.

Check out the following charts to see which supplements your horse may need.

Liquid 747® Horse Supplement
by Tuttle's
Ultimate Horse Supplement
by Equi-Shine
Vita-E & Selenium Crumbles™
by Farnam
Premium Equine Multi-Function Formula
by Drs. Foster and Smith
Premium Equine Vitamin Formula
by Drs. Foster and Smith
# Servings
(up to)
1 gal=128 25 lbs=67 2-1/2 lbs=160
20 lbs=1280
32 24
Adult Serving Size 1 oz 6 oz 1/4 oz 4 oz 2 oz
Form L PL C M PL
Pro/
Prebiotics
Vitamin A
(I.U.)
21,240 52,500 20,000 IU 160,000 IU/lb
Vitamin B1 (mg) 16 mg 125.0 mg/lb
Niacin (mg) 2.95 4.35 62 mg 500.0 mg/lb
Biotin (mg) 0.03 0.003 20 mg
Folic Acid (mg) 0.026 0.135 48.0 mg/lb
Other B Vitamins Yes Yes yes yes
Vitamin C (mg) 2,750 mg
Vitamin E (I.U.) 41 1,125 313 500 IU 4,000 IU/lb
Thiamine mg 0.69 70
Selenium (mg) 2.9 0.5 0.9 mg 20.0 ppm
Magnesium (mg) 195 1,513 150 mg 1.4%
Vitamin D (I.U.) 2,124 6,750 4,000 IU 32,000 IU/lb
Iron (mg) 468 2,000 ppm
Copper (mg) 2.34 170 65 mg 1,300 ppm
Zinc (mg) 14 510 195 mg 3,700 ppm
Cobalt (mg) 7.5 ppm
Iodine (mg) 3.3 12.5 ppm
Phosphorus (mg) 170 6,804 0.5 g 1.5%
Manganese (mg) 450 3,000 ppm
Chromium
Calcium (mg) 16,585 1.5 g 2.5%
Omega 3 Fatty Acids Yes 4,000 mg

C=Crumbles
G=Granules
L=Liquid
M=Meal
PL=Pellets
PW=Powder

*Based upon adult maintenance or non-training dose. Doses/values may vary for foals or horses in training.

D-Carb Balance Pellets
MVP
Exceed 6-Way™ Pellets
MVP
Vitamin E + SE XL™
MVP
Mega-Cell™ Pellets
MVP
Mega-Mag™ Pellets
MVP
# Servings
(up to)
10 lb=40
25 lbs=100
5 lbs=up to 320
10 lbs=up to 640
5 lbs=80*
10 lbs=160
20 lbs=320
30 lbs=480
5 lb =40 to 80 10 lbs=80 to 160
Adult Serving Size 4 oz/day 4 oz/day 1/4 to 1/2 oz/day 1-2 oz 1-2 oz
Form PL PL PW PL PL
Pro/
Prebiotics
YES YES YES YES
Vitamin A
(I.U.)
25,000 IU 20,000 IU 16,000 IU
Vitamin B1 (mg) 12.5 mg 60 mg 60 mg 60 mg
Niacin (mg) 500 mg 50 mg 80 mg 80 mg
Biotin (mg) 15 mg 1 mg 1 mg
Folic Acid (mg) 10 mg 15 mg 15 mg
Other B Vitamins YES YES YES YES
Vitamin C (mg) 250 mg 2,000 mg 30 mg 30 mg
Vitamin E (I.U.) 250 IU 750 IU 2,000 IU 500 IU 500 IU
Thiamine mg 60 mg 60 mg
Selenium (mg) 1.1 mg 2 mg 4 mg 1.8 mg 1.5 mg
Magnesium (mg) 2,665 mg 2,500 mg 3,000 mg 3,000 mg
Vitamin D (I.U.) 1,250 2,500 IU 2,000 IU 1,500 IU
Iron (mg)
Copper (mg) 56 mg 12.5 mg 75 mg 75 mg
Zinc (mg) 225 mg 45 mg 250 mg 250 mg
Cobalt (mg) 500 mcg 500 mcg
Iodine (mg) 1.4 mg 2.5 mg 2.5 mg
Phosphorus (mg) 1,250 mg 1,705 mg 2,835 mg
Manganese (mg) 160 mg 182 mg 142 mg
Chromium 2 mg
Calcium (mg) 2,550 mg 2,550 mg 3,685 (max) mg 1,275 (max) mg
Omega 3 Fatty Acids 3,500 mg

C=Crumbles
G=Granules
L=Liquid
M=Meal
PL=Pellets
PW=Powder

*Based upon adult maintenance or non-training dose. Doses/values may vary for foals or horses in training.

Red Cell® Horse Supplement
by Farnam
Vita Plus®
by Farnam
Equi-Shine Horse Supplements Pellets
by Equi-Shine
Equi-Shine Horse Supplements
by Equi-Shine
Super E Horse Supplement
by Equi-Shine
Ultra Fire Horse Supplement
by Finish Line
# Servings
(up to)
1 gal=128 3 lbs=48*
7 lbs
=112
20 lbs
=320
6 lbs=24* 7 lbs=56* 4 lbs=128 15 oz=30
Adult Serving Size 1 oz 2 oz 4 oz 2 oz serving 1/2 oz 1/2 oz
Form L PW PL G PL PW
Pro/
Prebiotics
Vitamin A
(I.U.)
25,000 50,000 35,000 35,000 2,600
Thiamine (mg) 30 25 25 25 160
Niacin (mg) 250 340
Biotin (mg) 0.02 0.625 0.625
Folic Acid (mg) 7 2.5 2.5 5
Other B Vitamins Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Vitamin C (mg) 500
Vitamin E (I.U.) 35 50 375 375 2500 0.2
Selenium (mg) 0.65 0.02 2 2
Magnesium (mg) 20 25 453 340 220
Vitamin D (I.U.) 3,500 500 4,000 4,125
Iron (mg) 300 200 272 563 106
Copper (mg) 36 8 113 111 0.1
Zinc (mg) 110 40 340 340 0.4
Cobalt (mg) 2 3.40 3.7 17
Iodine (mg) 0.25 2 1.36 1.40
Phosphorus (mg) 850 4,536 4,536
Manganese (mg) 39 20 295 284 4
Chromium
Calcium (mg) 1,418 8,618 7,796 2,100

C=Crumbles
G=Granules
L=Liquid
PL=Pellets
PW=Powder

*Based upon adult maintenance or non-training dose. Doses/values may vary for foals or horses in training.

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