Illnesses: Signs & Recommended Treatment Guide
Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff

When your fish become sick or diseased, you need to take corrective action. First obnserve the condition of your fish, identify the type of disease, obtain information about the conditions in the aquarium, then treat the sick fish. Next, make sure you correct the aquarium conditions that caused the fish to become sick in the first place. The following chart outlines some of the more common fish diseases, as well as recommended medications for treatment.

Disease Signs Recommended
Treatment
Bacterial
Hemorrhagic
Septicemia
Blood streaks in the fins
(goldfish especially) or skin
Melafix
Maracyn-Two
Furan-2
Ich
(Ichthyophthirius)
Labored breathing; dwelling
near surface, filters, or
aeration devices; white
spots; scratching on
fixed objects
Freshwater:
Rid-Ich+
Ich-Attack

Saltwater*:
Rid-Ich+
Probiotic Marine Formula

Scale-less fish:
Rid-Ich+
Ich-Attack

Eye Cloud,
Pop Eye,
& Body Slime
Whitish haze over eyes,
eye protrusion, hazy/
slimy patches on body,
rapid breathing
Melafix
Maracyn Plus
Fin &
Tail Rot
Folded, closed fins;
ragged, split fins
Melafix
Furan-2
Maracyn-Two
Maracyn Plus
Velvet Loss of normal color,
scratching against fixed
objects, labored breathing,
golden "velvety" growth on
skin
Probiotic Marine Formula
CopperSafe
Fish
Lice
Parasite sucks blood
and tissue fluids through
skin
Cupramine
Cotton
Mouth
Disease
A white, cotton-like tuft
on the mouth or other
parts of the body
MelaFix
Furan-2
Furunculosis Ulcers which sometimes
appear as small raised
lumps
MelaFix
Furan-2
Maracyn Plus

* We recommend that you always treat sick saltwater fish in a separate/quarantine tank.

  
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