Your veterinarian may prescribe fluoxetine
hydrochloride, a commonly used antidepressant to help ease the negative
behaviors associated with your dog’s separation anxiety.
Fluoxetine increases the effectiveness of serotonin, a
chemical in your dog’s nervous system that helps with
communication between nerves. Fluoxetine is available
in tablet and capsule form.
Your veterinarian will instruct you to use
fluoxetine in combination with specific behavior
modification techniques based on your dog's unique
behavior(s). Treatment may require several weeks or
months. Follow your veterinarian’s directions; give the full
course of Fluoxetine as prescribed and follow through with
behavior modification at every possible instance. While
Fluoxetine has few side effects, your dog may experience
temporary appetite loss. You can usually restore your dog's
appetite with hand feeding or a short-term change in food.
As always, keep your veterinarian involved in your
dog's treatment. Consult your veterinarian if your
dog’s condition does not improve or worsens after
beginning treatment with Fluoxetine, and do not
hesitate to ask questions at any stage of treatment.