Thank you for your question. The type of lighting and filters you will need should be based on personal preference. There are a variety of light fixtures (compact fluorescent, T5, metal halide, LED) and filters (power, canister, wet/dry) available. How much light you need will vary greatly on the type of lighting and coral you want in your aquarium. In terms of filtration, you will need to filter your water 3-5 times per hour. You will need a heater and to add aeration to your aquarium with the use of air pumps or power heads. Protein skimmers are excellent to have in reef aquariums, especially if you intend on having a large amount of coral in your aquarium. Please feel free to contact us via e-mail at email@example.com for in depth help with aquarium equipment.