As carnivores, ferrets cannot survive without meat in their diet, but a diet limited to meat alone would cause harmful and eventually fatal nutritional imbalances.
Dog and cat kibble were often used to feed ferrets, but did not provide adequate nutrition. Specially formulated ferret diets are now available - high in energy, high in protein, and low in fiber. There is no longer any reason to substitute dog or cat foods.
Most ferrets do not like to be switched from one type of food to another. They become very attached to specific food formulas, and their favorite flavors. To avoid supply problems, select a name-brand ferret food, such as our Signature Series Ferret Diet. Packed with protein from high quality chicken, lamb, & egg, Drs. Foster and Smith Ferret Diet is formulated especially for the obligate carnivore nature of ferrets. Plus, crunchy, round, naturally flavorful morsels appeal to even the pickiest fuzzy. Other suitable ferret foods from well-known suppliers include, Marshall Premium Diets, or Ultra-Blend Ultimate Ferret Diet from 8-in-1, or ZuPreem Premium Ferret Diet. If a core diet change is ever necessary, the more gradually it is made, the less upsetting it will be to your pet.
Pelleted food should always be protected from moisture. It is good practice to buy small packages of food and store the contents of opened bags in plastic bins with snug fitting lids. Food should never be left where it will get damp and mold, making it unpalatable, or worse, toxic.
Ferrets on dry diets must have a constant supply of water. The volume of water required is about three times the volume of dry pellets eaten. In warm weather, your pet will likely drink much more. Ferrets prefer to drink from a dish, but kits and juveniles will usually play in it if left on the cage floor, contaminating it with food and litter. The water dish is best clipped onto the side of the cage.
Read the Labels to Determine the Best Foods for Your Pet
The ingredients of commercial animal diets must be listed on the container or package label in order according to the amount of each in the food. Good quality ferret diets should list meat, poultry or fish meal, or animal by-products as the first ingredient. Look for a label that also lists other animal products, such as liver meal, eggs, or blood meal.
Protein quality is very important. To properly evaluate protein in a feed, compare the guaranteed analysis to the ingredients list. Protein from poultry or meat meal is highly digestible. Ferret diets should contain over 30% crude protein of high digestibility...good quality protein is more expensive.
Crude fat includes all the fat in the diet, from both plant and animal sources, but not all types of fat are equally digestible. Ferrets need animal source fats, and prefer their flavor. Complete ferret pelleted diets should contain 15-20% fat, the most concentrated form of energy for your pet.
Fiber is indigestible carbohydrate that adds bulk to the diet and can cause an increase in the quantity of stool. Sources of fiber include that found in grains and vegetables matter as well as plant hulls, such as oat bran, or beet pulp. There should be little fiber in your ferret's diet, less than 4%.
Treats that improve skin and coat, teeth, overall health, and even solve hairball problems can be offered to reward your pet and enhance his health. Furo-Vite vitamin fills dietary gaps with multiple vitamins, and Ferret Bites Chicken Treats are a ferret favorite.
The treats above are not a substitute for a quality pelleted diet and should be provided in limited amounts, making up less than 10% of your ferret's daily food intake. Otherwise, your pet may develop deficiencies or become overweight or suffer from nutritional imbalances.
Quality food is extremely important to the health of your ferret. It pays to serve him only the very best.