Carriage Horse: A relatively light and elegant horse used for carriage driving.
Cart Horse: A coldblood draft horse.
Coach Horse: A powerfully built horse, capable of drawing a heavy coach.
Cob: A type of horse, rather than a breed, a cob is a horse of stocky appearance, well adapted to carrying heavyweight riders in all circumstances.
Combination Horse: One used for saddle and driving.
Daisy Clipper: Term describing a horse with a ground-hugging action.
Desert Horse: Term used to describe horses bred in dry, desert conditions, or horses descended from such horses.
Draft Horse: A term applied to any horse used for hauling vehicles or loads, but most often associated with the heavy breeds.
Equine: Of or pertaining to a horse.
Feral: A wild horse. Has escaped from domestication and become wild, as contrasted to one originating in the wild.
Five-Gaited: Horses shown at the walk, trot, and canter, as well as the "slow gait" and the "rack" are called five gaited.
Grade: Term used to describe a horse that is not registered with any breed association.
Gaited Horse: Horses, which move at paces other than the walk, trot, and canter - such as the Saddlebred, the Paso Fino, and the Icelandic.
Hack: Elegant riding horses, popular in the show ring in England. Or: "to hack" i.e. to go for a ride.
Harness Horse: A horse used in harness and having "harness" type of conformation, with straight shoulders etc., and having an elevated "harness action."
Heavy Horse: Any large draft horse, such as the Shire, the Clydesdale, or the Belgian Draft.
Heavyweight: A horse that is judged, by virtue of its bone and substance, capable of carrying weights of more than 196 lbs.
Hinny: Offspring of a male horse and a female donkey. See also Mule.
Horse: General term for an animal of the horse kind.
Hotblood: Term describing horses of Arabian or Thoroughbred blood.
Hunter: A type of horse suitable for being ridden to hounds. In the U.S., a well-mannered, smooth-gaited jumping horse shown in Hunter Under Saddle and Hunter Over Fences classes.
Hybrid: A cross between a horse and one of the other equids, such as an ass or a zebra.
Jack: Male donkey.
Jennet/Jenny: Female donkey.
Jumper: Type of horse suited to jumping and which competes in jumping classes.
Light Horse: Horse, other than a heavy horse or pony, which is suitable for riding or carriage work.
Mammoth Jack: Breed of donkey known for its large size and height.
Middleweight: A horse that is judged, by virtue of its bone and substance, capable of carrying weights up to 196 lbs.
Mountain and Moorland: Name given collectively to the native breeds of Britain.
Mule: Offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. See also Hinny.
Mustang: Wild horse of the American West.
Pack Horse: Horse used to carry goods placed in packs on either side of its back.
Part-bred: Result of breeding a Thoroughbred with a horse of another breed, i.e. Welsh part-bred.
Pony: A small horse, standing 14.2 hands or less.
Primitive: A term used for the early sub-species of Equus caballus: the Asian Wild Horse, the Tarpan, the Forest Horse, and the Tundra Horse.
Quality: Fineness of texture; freedom from coarseness.
Racehorse: Horse bred for racing. Can be Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, or Standardbred.
Rangy: Used to describe a horse with size and scope of movement.
Riding Horse: Horse suitable for riding, with the conformation associated with comfortable riding action (as opposed to draft or carriage horses).
Rosin-back: A broad-backed horse used in the circus for trick riding acts.
Saddle Horse: A riding horse.
Stock Horse: Name given to horses that are used in ranch work, driving and cutting cattle, etc.
Stylish: Having a pleasing, graceful, alert, and general appearance.
Substance: A horse possessing quality build and musculature is said to "have substance." Weakly-built horses are said to "lack substance."
Three-gaited: A saddle horse trained to perform at the walk, trot, and canter.
Type: A horse that fulfills a certain purpose such as a cob, a hack, or a hunter, but is not necessarily of any particular breed.
Utility: The use to which a horse is designated.
Western Pleasure: A class that demonstrates the ability of a horse to perform willingly at a walk, jog, and lope in a pleasurable manner demonstrating responsiveness to the rider and free-flowing quality gaits.
Wheeler: The horse harnessed closest to the carriage, behind the leader.
Zebra: Member of the family Equus characterized by its striped coat pattern.
Zony: Hybrid cross between a zebra and a pony.
Zorse: Hybrid cross between a zebra and a horse.