Aged: A horse of 15 years of age or older. Prior to this age, experienced horsemen can estimate the age of a horse by examining the teeth, but after this age it becomes more difficult.
Aging: The process of estimating the age of a horse by examining the appearance and development of the teeth.
Alter: To castrate a horse, to geld.
Astringent: Drugs that cause contraction of infected areas, such as tannic acid, alum, and zinc oxide or sulfate.
Barren mare: A mare that is not in foal.
Brood Mare: A mare used for breeding purposes.
Cast: A horse, which rolls and gets stuck, either up against the wall of his stall, or near a fence, etc. is said to be cast. Human intervention can be necessary to release the horse.
Castration: Removal of testicles from a male. A castrated male horse is a gelding.
Cavy: A group of horses; usually refers to horses used for working cattle.
Colostrom: First milk produced by a mare following foaling. Contains special proteins (globulins) to provide the newborn foal with temporary immunity against disease.
Colt: Uncastrated male horse up to four years of age. Male foals are called "colt foals."
Conformation: The overall way in which a horse is put together and also the relationship of specific parts of the horse in regards to its proportions.
Dam: A horse's female parent.
Deep Going: Term used to describe ground that is wet or soft, into which the hooves sink.
Entire: Uncastrated male horse. (Also called Stallion.)
Family: A group of animals within a breed, all of which trace directly to a common ancestor.
Farrier: Skilled craftsman who shoes horses.
Filly: Female horse under four years old. A female foal is called a "filly foal."
Floating: The action of rasping the horse's teeth (U.S.).
Foal: Colt, filly, or gelding up to one year of age.
Furacin: Brand name for nitrofurazone, an antibacterial medication.
Geld: To geld; to cut or castrate a horse.
Gelding: Castrated male horse.
Gestation period: The length of time for the development of the foal from time of breeding, usually about 11 months.
Get: The offspring of a sire.
Good Doer: Describes a horse that is easy to keep, which maintains good condition of small rations. (See also Thrifty.)
Hand: Unit of measure used to describe the height of a horse, measured from the ground to the top of the withers. One hand equals 4 inches, partial measurements being described as 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, etc.
Horse length: Eight feet; distance between horses in a column.
Knackers: Slang word for slaughterhouse, abbatoir. Someone who buys horses at auction for purposes of taking them to slaughter.
Livery Stable: English term for boarding stable.
Mare: Female horse aged four and over.
Meconium: Firm, dark brown or black fecal matter passed by the foal shortly after birth.
Mucking or Mucking Out: Daily stable chore which involves the removal of wet and soiled bedding and general tidying of the stable.
Neat's-foot: An oil made from suet, feet, and bones of cattle, used for softening leather.
Oxer: Spread fence. Can be an ascending oxer - with the front rail lower than the back rail, or a square oxer (also known as a parallel), with front and back rail of the same height.
Paddock: Small enclosure in which horses are turned out for grazing.
Produce: The offspring of a dam.
Quidding: A horse that drops partially chewed food from his mouth, because of age or dental problems, is said to be "quidding." Floating the teeth usually resolves the problem.
Remuda: A collection of saddle horses at a roundup from which are chosen those used for the day. A relay of mounts.
Shoe, To: The act of fitting and securing metal shoes to the horse's hooves, usually done by a farrier.
Sire: A horse's male parent.
Sound: Free from lameness or injury.
Stable Management: The art of looking after one or more stabled horses, including all aspects of their care and welfare.
Stallion: Uncastrated male horse. (See also Entire.)
Teaser: Substitute stallion used to test the mare's readiness for breeding with the breeding stallion.
Thrifty: Describes a horse that is easy to keep, which maintains good condition of small rations. Also called a good-doer.
Turnout: A. The practice of turning horses loose in a field or pasture for all or part of the day. B. The standard of dress and appearance of horse and rider, or horse and carriage.
Veterinarian: One who is trained and skilled in the treating of diseases and injuries of domestic animals.
Weanling: A weaned foal.
Yearling: Colt or filly between one and two years of age.