|| You've picked a new pet. You've read all about his needs – habitat, food, water, heat, light, and more – and decided that you have the time, space, and financial resources you need to become a pet parent. To help you get off to a good start, here are some recommendations on what to do before you pick up your pet, and care tips for the first month at home.
Find a local veterinarian - Before you ever get a pet, find a veterinarian you can work with. Discuss your choice of pet and health concerns you should watch for. Make an appointment to have your pet examined as soon after purchase as possible. Obtain any health or vaccination records from the breeder, pet store, or shelter and take them with you to the appointment. Place the phone number and contact information for the veterinarian in view in your home, and carry a copy in your wallet.
cage or habitat - Obtain everything on your
habitat shopping list. Assemble the habitat and place it in the best possible location. You'll be certain everything is in good order and won't have to make-do on arrival day.
Locate a reliable supplier for
health supplies - You don't need to look any further than Drs. Foster and Smith.
Create a pet first aid kit - For a complete list of recommended items, read
Making a First Aid Kit for Your Small Pet. A basic kit should include the following, plus any species-appropriate medications:
- Veterinary clinic number and directions to the clinic
- Phone number of your local poison control authority
- A travel cage
- Sterile gauze or telfa pads
- Q-tips to clean wounds and apply ointments
- Roll of gauze
- An antibiotic ointment to apply to cleansed wounds
- Betadine, Povidone, or chlorhexidine (Novalsan) to clean wounds
- Styptic powder or sticks to help stop a bleeding nail
- Pliers or hemostats to help remove wire, string, or other foreign objects
- Medicine dropper or feeding syringe
Pet-proof your home - Small animals will chew and sample everything they encounter, including electrical cords so be sure to protect them. Be sure to store away toxic materials like antifreeze or household cleaners, as well as pesticides and medications. Remove any poisonous house plants, including dieffenbachia, philodendron, and hyacinth.
Prepare your family members - Everyone in your household must be on the same page when it comes to understanding your small pet's needs. They need to allow him time to adjust, and must resist over-handling. Talk to your children before you bring your new pet home. Explain that he may be a little fearful for a while and that they'll have to be very quiet and gentle with him. Caution them about allowing your new pet to have contact with other household pets. Supervise your children as they interact initially with your pet. Apprise everyone of the location of the first aid kit and veterinarian contact information. Lay down rules and assignments for providing food and water. Set up a care schedule so that everyone knows who does what – feeding, cleaning, water changes, and so on – and when.
The first day home
travel carrier with you to pick up your pet, or purchase one on site. Don't trust a shoe box. The last thing you want is a small pet roaming about your vehicle while you have your hands on the wheel.
Once home, the first few days may be stressful on your pet. Ease him into his new situation as gently as possible. Small animals can be placed in their new
cage and left alone with food and water. Make sure there is a hide box in the cage. This will give your pet a chance to explore his new surroundings and learn that he's safe. Look in on him every once in a while, but, if possible, let him indicate when it is time to meet with you and others. He'll be at the front of the cage, willing to make eye contact. With most animals this doesn't take more than a few hours. Then, allow family members to approach the cage quietly.
If possible bring home the diet that was fed to your pet where you purchased him. Keep him on that diet at first, and discuss the diet with your veterinarian. If changes need to be made, make them very gradually.
Introducing your new pet to other animals in your household takes special care and patience. Dogs and cats can coexist with other small animals, but always require supervision.
The next few days
Among small pets, routine means security. The sooner you get feeding, exercise, and bedtime on schedule, the better.
When he's first settling in, your new pet may experience a range of emotions – shyness, anxiety, restlessness, excitement. He may drink more and eat less than normal, urinate more frequently, and have mild diarrhea. This is usually due to stress, and should gradually dissipate. If any of these symptoms last more than two days, however, call your veterinarian.
Within the first month
Within a few days, your new pet should be feeling calm and secure; then you can concentrate on bonding. Pet him often, and provide gentle grooming as needed. Make plenty of time for
play. Allow your pet to get used to the voices and hands of everyone in your family. When he seems nervous or gets tired of all the attention, place him back in his cage.
The keys to success with small animal pets are preparation and patience. Your care and affection will be rewarded.