Aquarium water pollutants come in many forms and can drastically affect the health of your fish. Uneaten fish food, waste, or even ordinary, unfiltered tap water (containing chloramine, phosphate, or nitrate) are just a few examples of items that may foul aquariums and compromise water quality. Contaminants like these can cause ammonia and nitrate levels to spike, create conditions that encourage aggressive growth of opportunistic organisms, or even chronic unhealthy conditions that lead to poor health.
One of the easiest ways to eliminate poor water conditions is to actively remove pollutants from the aquarium water. Removing phosphate and other pollutants in your aquarium water will also effectively reduce many of the nutrients algae needs to thrive.
There are several guidelines you can follow to help reduce pollution.
FEED only what your fish can finish within a few minutes. Excess food in your aquarium will create a surplus of nutrients.
SET lights on a timer so they are on no more than 6 - 10 hours a day for aquariums without live plants.
USE tap water conditioners that neutralize ammonia, nitrate, and chloramines or use filtered water such as reverse osmosis water.
PURCHASE algae eaters and bottom feeders that will clean the aquarium of any excess food that falls to the bottom.
PERFORM partial water changes routinely, making sure to change at least 30% per month to reduce buildup of pollutants.
In addition, incorporate a chemical media specifically designed for phosphate and pollutant removal. A product like Drs. Foster & Smith brand PhosPure® plus Zeolite & Carbon will safely and effectively remove large amounts of phosphate, arsenic, silicate, heavy metals, and ammonia. This blended chemical filter media offers aquarium pollution control at the lowest cost to you. Best of all, it will not leach absorbed substances back into your water or affect your pH level. Designed for both fresh and saltwater aquariums, this is a long lasting and easy way to help maintain good water quality.