If your feline friend has recently started eliminating outside of her litter box, you're likely wondering why. Inappropriate elimination (urinating or defecating outside of the litter box) can occur at any age. One or more of the following may be the problem:
- Medical conditions
Take your cat to the veterinarian first to rule out a medical condition. Several medical conditions cause pain during elimination or an increased need to urinate or defecate. These conditions include colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, kidney or liver disease, and feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD).
Cats are extremely sensitive to stressors such as moving and changes in routine. Reduce these and other stressors whenever possible.
- Litter box location
Make sure your cat's litter box is easily accessible - ground level is ideal. Also, make sure her litter box is placed in a private, quiet, pleasant area. A dark, damp basement is not the place for a litter box.
- Too few litter boxes
Most cats don't appreciate having to share a litter box, regardless of whether it's fresh or filthy. The number of litter boxes should equal the number of cats in the household plus one (so for a household with two cats, there should be three litter boxes). Add additional boxes if your cats are fussy.
- Litter box cleanliness
Your fastidious feline will go out of her way to avoid a full box - even if it means eliminating where she knows she shouldn't. Scoop all litter boxes daily, change the litter frequently, and wash litter boxes weekly. If you're using a plastic pan, replace it periodically; it eventually absorbs urine odors. Try a self-cleaning
automatic litter box - it's a great time saver for you!
- Litter texture, feel or smell
Sometimes the litter itself is unappealing to your cat. You may need to experiment with several types until you find an acceptable litter.
Never punish your cat for eliminating inappropriately - this will increase her stress and worsen the situation. She likely has a good reason you haven't yet recognized. To prevent inappropriate elimination, keep your cat's litter box clean, fresh, private, and easily accessible whenever possible.